TERRAIN / FIELDWORK
The AGXIM* Project
First Awsa Geology-Humanities Interdisciplinary Mission
February 11-24, 2018
By Cécile Doubre, Eloi Ficquet & Lamya Khalidi
* Afar for ‘to be busy’, pronounced agdhim
Introduction to being busy
The first field mission of the AGXIM project took place between February 11th and 24th, 2018. This project directed by Cécile Doubre (IPGS, Strasbourg) and Eloi Ficquet (EHESS, Paris) aims to document human adaptation in the Awsa and Tendaho Basin (Lower Awash valley, Afar). Together with Ethiopian collaborators from Addis Ababa University, Mekele University, the ARCCH and the Afar Bureau of Culture and Tourism, the interdisciplinary team brings together specialists from the Earth Sciences and the Humanities who had previously been working independently in the Afar region for the last decade or more.
Continuer la lecture de Busy and interdisciplinary in the Afar: the AGXIM Project
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First Abaya archaeological mission
(Gedeo, SNNPR; Guji, Oromia)
January 11-25, February 20 – March 10, 2018
by Vincent Ard & Anne-Lise Goujon
The region east of Lake Abaya is renowned for its numerous megalithic sites (over 130 have been inventoried so far) but little is known about their chronology and their function. Previous research there had revealed great technological and stylistic variability of megalithic monuments and the existence of possible distinct chronological phases. In order to fill numerous gaps in our understanding of the megalithic societies of this region, an archaeological mission was led during winter 2018 by Vincent Ard (CNRS, TRACES) and Anne-Lise Goujon (Université Paris 10, PréTech), with the support of the Cfee and the French Embassy.
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Economic Stagnation in Ethiopia, 1500-1800
by Mengistie Zewdu Tessema
Mengiste Zewdu is a Master student at the department of History and Heritage Management, Debre Berhan University. His main research interest is the economic history of Ethiopia. He reports here on research conducted in 2017 with the support of a CFEE grant.
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Lacustrine paleoenvironments and prehistoric occupations in the Lower Awash and Gobaad Valleys:
first steps to understanding Human-Climate coevolution in the Lake Abhe paleobasin, Central Afar
by Carlo Mologni
Carlo Mologni is a PhD student at the Université Côte d’Azur, France (UMR 7329 GEOAZUR and UMR 7264 CEPAM), his research focuses on the Lake Abhe paleobasin, Central Afar (Ethiopia, Djibouti). Within the framework of VAPOR-Afar and PSPCA research projects he investigates sedimentary archives of the basin with a multi-scalar approach. He presents here his recently completed fieldwork that was supported by a CFEE research grant.
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Moving in the face of uncertainty: the life of Eritrean refugees in Ethiopia
by Mulu Getachew
Mulu Getachew is a PhD candidate and part-time lecturer at the Department of Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University. Her research focuses on trans-border migration and Eritrean refugee camps in Tigray. She is funded by the NORHED project ‘Borderland dynamics in East Africa’ of the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation. She presents here the results of a fieldwork conducted on October 2017 in the Hitsats camp, Tigray, which was supported by a CFEE research grant.
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Gender and Development through Local Epistemologies:
Exploring the Religio-Cultural Underpinnings of Spousal Abuse Attitudes among Orthodox Täwahәdo Christians in Northern Ethiopia and Implications for Changing Attitudes and Norms within Local Worldviews
by Romina Istratii
Romina Istratii, a current PhD research student at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, presents her recently completed fieldwork among the Orthodox Täwahәdo community of Aksum (Northern Tigray) that was supported by a grant from the CFEE in 2017 and by a SYLFF Research Abroad grant by the Tokyo Foundation, Japan.
This fieldwork focused on exploring local men’s, women’s and clergy’s perceptions and understandings of spousal abuse in juxtaposition to: a) a theology-informed analysis of Church teachings concerning the metaphysics of gender relations, marriage and spousal abuse, and b) an analysis of culture-specific gender ideals and norms. This research has been motivated by the aim to identify local mechanisms and resources for changing attitudes that sustain spousal abuse and, especially, the relevance and feasibility of theology-informed and clergy-centred solutions. Ms Istratii presents here an overview of the project and fieldwork, contextualising it in the relevant literatures and the rationale for its epistemological and methodological innovations. While early to reach any conclusions, some research findings are delineated in ways that suggest intricate, multifarious realities on the ground and the need for multidimensional approaches to normative change.
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The Politics of “Developmental State” in Ethiopia: A View from Gibe III Hydropower Development Project
by Edegilign Hailu Woldegebrael
Edegilign Hailu Woldegebrael is PhD candidate in geography at Université Paris Nanterre, France. His supervisor is Dr. Sabine Planel. He is conducting research on the politics of « Developmental State » in Ethiopia, through the prism of the Gibe III Hydropower Development Project. He is one of the recipients of the CFEE field scholarships. In this text, he explains the main contributions of this fieldwork funded by the CFEE.
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The diversity of small mammals of Dire Dawa administration, Eastern Ethiopia
by Christiane Denys, David Pleurdeau, Emmanuelle Stoetzel
Mission Report (13/11/2017 to 03/12/2017)
The franco-ethiopian team was composed of Prof Christiane Denys (UMR 7205, MNHN Paris, Dr David Pleurdeau (UMR7194 MNHN Paris), Dr Emmanuelle Stoetzel (UMR7194 MNHN Paris) and of Workalemahu Bekele Sime (Harar), Mohamed Kasso (Addis Abeba University), Motbaynor Wogayehu (driver Harar).
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A History of Mining in Wallaga, Western Ethiopia, 1899-1991
by Alemseged Debele
Alemseged Debele is PhD candidate in history at Addis Ababa University. His supervisor is Professor Tesema Ta’a. He is conducting research on the history of mineral resources and their extraction in Wallaga, western Ethiopia in the 20th century. He is one of the recipients of the CFEE field scholarships. In this text, he explains the main contributions of this fieldwork financed by the CFEE.
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Ethnoarchaeology and ethnogeomorphology: fieldwork study of landscapes around Wakarida (Northern Tigray)
by Ninon Blond
Ninon Blond is a Ph.D candidate in geography since 2015 under the supervision of Yann Callot & Nicolas Jacob at Université Lumière-Lyon 2. The subject of her Ph.D is “Paysages de terrasses autour de Wakarida (Tigray septentrional, Ethiopie), un marqueur des relations hommes-milieux de l’époque pré-axoumite à l’Actuel”. She is one of the recipients of the CFEE field grants. In this text, she explains the main contributions of this fieldwork funded by the CFEE.
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TERRAIN / FIELDWORK
Sekota, l’Ethiopie rurale en transition
Par Alice Corbet
Alice Corbet is a doctor in Anthropology (Ecole des Hautes études en Sciences sociales, EHESS, Paris, 2008) and CNRS research fellow at Les Afriques dans le Monde (LAM, UMR 5115, Sciences Po Bordeaux). She has been assigned to the CFEE since January 2017.
See her page on LAM website
In this text, she presents her current fieldwork research in Sekota.
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Histoire de la léproserie St-Antoine à Harar
Quelles histoires ?
Par Vanessa Pedrotti
Vanessa Pedrotti is PhD candidate in history at Université d’Aix-Marseille (Institut des mondes africains – IMAF, UMR 8171). Her advisor is Henri Médard. She is conducting research on the history of leprosy in Ethiopia, from the missionary actions to the handling of this issue by the Ethiopian State. She is one of the recipients of the CFEE field scholarships. She conducted a fieldwork at the St. Antony Leprosy in Harar in September 2017. In this text, she explains the main contributions of this fieldwork financed by the CFEE.
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Végétation et résurgences d’eau actuelles de la Vallée de l’Awash pour une meilleure approximation et reconstruction des habitats et des climats anciens.
A spring forward: Awash Valley modern vegetation and springs for a better approximation and reconstruction of ancient habitats and climates
Par / by B. Bourel (doctorant Aix-Marseille Université, CEREGE), D. Barboni (CR CNRS CEREGE, Aix en Provence), Jean-Charles Mazur (ITA CNRS CEREGE, Aix en Provence)
En septembre 2017, Doris Barboni a dirigé une mission de recherche, en lien avec le CFEE, aux côtés de Benjamin Bourel et Jean-Charles Mazur, ainsi que Admasu Ali (Holleta Bee research center), dans la vallée de l’Awash.
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TERRAINS / FIELDWORKS
The Archaeology of Mound Building Culture in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia (8th to 15th centuries)
By Alebachew Belay Birru
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TERRAINS / FIELDWORKS
Engagement des entrepreneurs dans le développement de l’Ethiopie : De l’entreprise morale à l’entreprise de morale
Entrepreneurs’ commitment in Ethiopian development : From moral business to moral entreprise
By Constance Perrin-Joly
Constance Perrin-Joly, maîtresse de conférences à l’Université Paris 13 (IRIS), est sociologue du travail, spécialisée dans l’analyse des politiques d’entreprise qui répondent à des impératifs moraux. Elle combine l’étude des organisations avec une approche biographique sur les carrières professionnelles. Elle a rejoint le 1er septembre 2017 le Centre Français d’études éthiopiennes dans le cadre d’une délégation CNRS pour y mener une enquête sur l’engagement moral des entrepreneurs en Ethiopie.
Constance Perrin-Joly, lecturer at the University of Paris 13 (IRIS), is a sociologist of work, specializing in the analysis of corporate policies that respond to moral imperatives. She combines the study of organizations with a biographical approach on professional careers. On 1st September 2017, she has joined the French Center for Ethiopian Studies as part of a CNRS delegation to investigate the moral commitment of entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.
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