The Mountain Exile Hypothesis: How Humans Benefited from African High Altitude Ecosystems in Ethiopia
by Ralf Vogelsang
Although high-altitude mountain habitats are often regarded as unfavourable for human occupation; on the other hand tropical highlands in Africa are suggested as potential refugia during times of environmental stress. The presentation gives a review of new evidence of human occupation in the tropical highlands of Ethiopia from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene period. A first correlation of the archaeological data with the climate record suggests a complex interplay between humans and their environment during the last 20 ka. Finally, we speculate about potential land-use patterns on Mount Damota in the south-western highlands of Ethiopia.
L’intervenant / the speaker
Ralf Vogelsang is Senior researcher at the Palaeolithic Research Unit (FAST), Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, University of Cologne and Principal Investigator at the Collaborative Research Center 806 ‘Our Way to Europe’.
Organisation: CFEE & Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage (Heritage Collection & Laboratory Service Directorate, Heritage Training Unit).