Joint seminar: Archaeology and stable isotopes
SEMINAIRE / SEMINAR
Archaeology and stable isotopes: studying the diet, the climate, and the environment. Case studies from Melka Kunture (Ethiopia) and Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania) (Early and Middle Pleistocene)
by Guiseppe Briatico
“Evolution: an international research seminar in Eastern Africa. Paleobiodiversity, paleobiology, prehistory, paleoenvironments” (CFEE-ARCCH joint seminar)
28ème séance / 28th session
Date : Jeudi 28 novembre 2019, 15h30-17h00 / Date: Thursday November 28th, 2019, 3:30-5:00pm
À / Venue: Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Meeting Hall (room 308)
Contemporary archaeology requires continuous questions on how to refine the research methods to reconstruct the past. More and more often, archaeologists use to borrow a series of methodologies from other sciences; thus, the excavation, the context, documentation, and traditional study of the materials are not anymore the only elements needed for a correct and innovative archaeological investigation. In this way, the aim of this project concerns the study of isotopic biogeochemistry (13C, 18O) on the fossil remains of the Pleistocene fauna and on paleosoils of two important prehistoric archaeological areas in East Africa: Melka Kunture site (Ethiopia) and Thiongo Korongo site (Tanzania), one of the archaeological areas of Olduvai Gorge. The chronology of these two sites spans from ~1.8 Ma to ~0.2 Ma, a crucial time for the early phases of human evolution. Understanding the relationship between prehistoric tools, hominids, fauna, climate, and environment, is one of the most important challenges for archaeological studies, especially in prehistoric and protohistoric contexts.
L’intervenant / The speaker
Giuseppe Briatico is a Ph.D. student in Archaeology at Sapienza University of Rome (Italy), Department of Ancient World Studies and at Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen (Germany) in the Paleobiology group. For his Ph.D., he is applying chemical study of faunal remains to reconstruct diet, climate and, environment in ancient past.