Tous les articles par Marie Bridonneau

Slavery and the Slave Trade in Ethiopia and Beyond

 

SLAFNET Summer School
15-18 April 2019
Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University

 

Slavery and the slave trade have been an important historical feature of the Horn of Africa region. Consecutive regional polities executed slave raids into their respective hinterland well into the 20th century. The internal Ethiopian slave trade connected the political centers of Ethiopia with its peripheries, and the trade in slaves connected Ethiopia with the Red Sea  and the Indian Ocean world as well as with the Ottoman world. Various polities in the Horn of Africa were depended on, and were commercial centers for, slave labor. The regional contours of slavery are relatively well established. Despite the diversity of various forms of human bondage, slavery and serfdom, as well as the trade in slaves, and its relatively rich documentation, slavery has received little attention in the field of Eastern Africa’s social, cultural and economic history. Moreover, one feature of Ethiopia is the public silence and the absence of commemorative discourses among the descendants of owner groups, slave descendants as well as within the public sphere.

Continuer la lecture de Slavery and the Slave Trade in Ethiopia and Beyond

CFEE FIELD GRANTS 2019 RECIPIENTS / LAURÉATS DES BOURSES DE TERRAIN DU CFEE 2019

List of the recipients of the CFEE 2019 Field Grants / Liste des lauréats des bourses de terrain du CFEE 2019

 

 

Following our 2019 call for applications for partial funds for fieldworks and/or study of collections in the museums to MA students and PhD candidates doing their researches on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, the scientific committee of the CFEE has selected 12 recipients.

See the list below: Continuer la lecture de CFEE FIELD GRANTS 2019 RECIPIENTS / LAURÉATS DES BOURSES DE TERRAIN DU CFEE 2019

The Developmental State Seen Through the Prism of an Emergence of a Domestic Industrialist Class in Ethiopia

The Developmental State Seen Through the Prism of an Emergence of a Domestic Industrialist Class in Ethiopia: The Case of the Metals and Engineering Sector

By Sibulele NKunzi (PhD candidate, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)

Date: Thursday December 6, 2-4 pm

Venue: Berhanou Abebe Library,  French Centre for Ethiopian Studies  (Jan Meda, https://goo.gl/maps/sutSritp3MU2)

Ethiopia is achieving rapid economic growth and development despite historic and current challenges. Ethiopia is an exemplary 21st century case of bridging the continental wide gap in African indigenous productive capitalists by using state-owned enterprises, military-owned enterprises, party-owned firms, and strategic links and joint ventures with foreign investors to build a productive-and-patriotic class of domestic capitalists, albeit nascent at this point in time. Recognizing that reciprocal control mechanisms (RCMs) are the linchpin of industrial policy success, the research explores how they are managed in Ethiopia when such firms can prove hard to discipline.

Through a political economy lens, the research focuses on the significance of relatively complex manufacturing sectors. An examination of industry trends such as investment, trade, productivity, building of domestic technological, research and industrial capabilities is carried out through a focus on a particular case study: Ethiopia’s metals and engineering industry.  The sector is considered “complex” in this context given Ethiopia’s low-level of manufacturing capabilities, human capital and education, and non-existent comparative advantages. The case is interpreted in light of the developmental state with respect to the business-state-relationships (BSR) between the state and capital; in particular the bargains that the state makes with an industrialist class as some industrial policy instruments contextually become more and others less important in the support of the industry. The research aims to highlight the challenges associated with learning from failure on a national, sectoral and firm level, including institutionally in terms of policy.

The case-study is an attempt to move the developmental state literature forward by grappling with the pendulum question of the possibility of industrial policy at national level in an era of globalized production structures and networks. The argument in my research is that those in the academic fraternity as well as policy making authorities in aspirant African developmental states should consider those dimensions of industrial policy that are evident in Ethiopia’s ambitious Growth and Transformation Plan, which in effect challenge the pessimism associated with low-income countries turning to complex manufacturing structures. It is argued that though such ambition is often questioned by neoclassical economists, such an “over optimism” and the associated “hiding hand” (as Hirschmann (2002) referred to it) is often associated with important developmental effects.

The speaker 

Sibulele Nkunzi is a second year PhD Candidate in Applied Development Economics at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. His PhD focuses on industrial policy and political economy dimensions of the Ethiopian developmental state. His research and teaching interests are in fieldwork-led academic and policy work with a focus on industrialization, industrial policy, labour, trade, technology, as well as methodological debates in economics.

CFEE Seminar: Ethiopia and its Islamic environment in the Middle Ages: The ERC project and its fieldwork in Bilet (Tigray)

Ethiopia and its Islamic environment in the Middle Ages: The ERC project and its fieldwork in Bilet (Tigray)

By Deresse Ayenachew (Debre Berhan University), Amélie Chekroun (CNRS, IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence), Bertrand Hirsch (Paris-1 Sorbonne University) and Julien Loiseau (Aix-Marseille University)

Date: Thursday November 29, 2-4 pm

Venue: Berhanou Abebe Library,  French Centre for Ethiopian Studies  (Jan Meda, https://goo.gl/maps/sutSritp3MU2)

The project pursues two hypothesis: 1) that connexions never have ceased between Ethiopia and its environment that came under Islamic domination and have even increased from the 13th century onwards; 2) that mobility of women and men, free or enslaved, commercial exchange and the flow of books and stories back and forth, did participate in the Islamisation of the whole area in the same way as in the resiliency of Ethiopian christianity. The project aims at evidencing these connexions inside the Horn, through the study of local written sources and archaeological survey, as well as outside the Horn, through the study of Arabic sources and of all traces left by men and women that came from the Horn to the Middle East.

The ERC project HornEast (Horn & Crescent. Connections, Mobility and Exchange between the Horn of Africa and the Middle East in the Middle Ages: 2017-2022) aims at evidencing local and global connections between the Horn of Africa and its Islamic environment (from Yemen to Egypt and Palestine) in the Middle Ages (7th to 15th Century), for a better understanding of the Islamisation process in the whole area.

Fieldwork has begun in Bilet (Tigray) in March 2018, revealing a Muslim graveyard with several Arabic stelae dating back to the 10th-12th centuries CE, and the remains of an urban settlement that may have worked together at the same time. First findings and research hypothesis of the fieldwork will be presented during the workshop along with an overview of the project HornEast.

The Speakers:

Julien Loiseau (Aix-Marseille University): Connecting the history of the Horn of Africa in the Middle Ages: the ERC project HornEast

Bertrand Hirsch (Paris-1 Sorbonne University): In search of the Muslim stelae from Enderta: the way to Bilet

Amélie Chekroun (CNRS, IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence): Fieldwork mission in Bilet (March 2018): preliminary observations

Julien Loiseau (Aix-Marseille University): The Muslim stelae from Bilet: a preliminary assessment

Cfee Seminar: The Djibouto-Ethiopian Railway Archives Project

 

The Djibouto-Ethiopian Railway Archives Project : Historical Stakes and Status

by Prof. Shiferaw Bekele and Dr. Simon Imbert-Vier

 

Date: Thursday June 21, 2018 – 5-6 pm

Venue: Berhanou Abebe Library,  French Centre for Ethiopian Studies  (Jan Meda, https://goo.gl/maps/sutSritp3MU2)

The Ethio-French Railway was the first industrial enterprise of Ethiopia. Built at the beginning of the 20th Century, this line was operated by a French Company, which became Ethiopian in 1959 but remained under concrete French administration up to the independence of Djibouti in 1977.

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Publication: Annales d’Ethiopie vol.31 (2016-2017)

PUBLICATION

ANNALES D’ETHIOPIE
Vol. 31, années 2016-2017

SPECIAL ISSUE: MAKING HERITAGE IN ETHIOPIA

Making heritage in Ethiopia: Introduction
Guillaume Blanc, Marie Bridonneau

The Return of the Crown of Kafa from Switzerland to Ethiopia: A Case of Restitution?
Elisabeth Biasio, Peter R. Gerber

Making Ethiopian Heritage World Heritage. UNESCO’s Role in Ethiopian Cultural and Natural Heritage
Marie Huber

The Simen Wild Fauna under the Protection of the Government of Haile Selassie. From Endangered Prey to National Symbol (1941–1969)
Girma Tayachew Asmelash

Creating Space. The Construction of Ethiopian Heritage and Memory in Israel
Judy Jaffe-Schagen

Urban Renewal and the Predicaments of Heritage Conservation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Zelalem Teferra

Les demeures anciennes d’Addis-Abeba. Discours et pratiques autour du patrimoine dans une métropole en reconstruction
(The old residences of Addis Ababa. Discourses and practices around heritage in a city under reconstruction)
Perrine Duroyaume

The Memory of Heroes: the Konso Experience
Metasebia Bekele

The Future of the Past. Towards Conservation of Undocumented Archaeological Sites and Objects in Tegray (Ethiopia)
Yohannes Gebre Selassie

 

SPECIAL ISSUE: DIFFERENT FACES OF MIGRATION IN AND FROM ETHIOPIA

Different Faces of Migration in and from
Ethiopia. Foreword
David Ambrosetti, Thomas Osmond

State-sponsored migrations in Ethiopia. Peasant perceptions of political control and land policies in Ethiopia’s western lowlands
Mehdi Labzaé

The expulsion of Ethiopian workers from Saudi Arabia (2013-2014). The management of a humanitarian and political crisis
Clara Lecadet, Medareshaw Tafesse Melkamu

Turks in Ethiopia/Ethiopians in Turkey. Transregional Circularities and South/South Bilateral Development in Globalization
Thomas Osmond

The Sport Migrations of East African Athletics
Benoît Gaudin, Solomon Teka, Samuel Simyiu Mwanga

 

VARIA / MISCELLANEOUS

From the mountains of Africa to Italy. The experience of Ethiopian deportees confined in Longobucco (Calabria) in the period 1937-1943
Giuseppe Ferraro

DOCUMENTS

À propos du colophon d’un mushaf harari du XIXe siècle
(About the colophon of a 19th century Harari mushaf)
Jean-François Faü

COMPTE RENDU / BOOK REVIEW

Francis Anfray, Chiara Zazzaro, 2016, Recherches archéologiques à Adoulis (Érythrée)
Jean-François Breton

See more on de Boccard website.

Publication: African Contributions to Peace Operations: Insights from the Military

PUBLICATION

African Contributions to Peace Operations: Insights from the Military

Journal of Eastern African Studies
Volume 12, n°1, 2018.

A collection of five articles are to be published by the Journal of Eastern African Studies. They have already been made available online on the journal website .

This collection of articles proceeds from the workshop organized by CFEE in Addis Ababa in April 2016 (https://cfee.hypotheses.org/1554), with the support of the Observatory of the Horn of Africa (LAM, Sciences Po Bordeaux, Région Nouvelle Aquitaine), the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and the French Ministry of Defence.

The collection has been directed by Nina Wilén (FNRS, ULB), David Ambrosetti (CNRS, CFEE) and Jean-Nicolas Bach (CEDEJ Khartoum).

The five articles are:

Marco Jowell, “The unintended consequences of foreign military assistance in Africa: An analysis of peacekeeping training in Kenya »

Josefine Kuhnel Larsen & Nina Wilén, “Rwanda’s military as a people’s army: heroes at home and abroad”

Thomas Mandrup, “An uncertain future: South Africa’s national defence force caught between foreign-policy ambitions and domestic development”

Nina Wilén, Gérard Birantamije, David Ambrosetti, “The Burundian army’s trajectory to professionalisation and depoliticisation, and back again”

Paul Williams, “Joining AMISOM: Why six African states contributed troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia”

 

PROJECTION-DEBAT : Ethiopie, la légende de Lalibela

PROJECTION-DEBAT (en français)

Projection du documentaire « Enquêtes archéologiques: Ethiopie, la légende de Lalibela » (26 minutes),

Consacré à la mission archéologique de Lalibela dirigée par Marie-Laure Derat et Claire Bosc-Tiessé (CNRS / Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne / CFEE) avec le soutien ministère français de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères.

Suivie d’un échange entre Marie-Laure DERAT et la salle.

Le mercredi 4 octobre 2017, à 17h, Amphithéâtre du Lycée Guébré-Mariam, Addis-Abeba.

Organisation : CFEE, Lycée Guébré-Mariam, et l’association Addis-Accueil.

INSCRIPTION OBLIGATOIRE : merci d’adresser à Mme Tensae Eskender, à l’adresse secretariat@cfee.cnrs.fr, votre demande d’inscription avec vos nom et prénom et le numéro de plaque de votre véhicule le cas échéant.

Continuer la lecture de PROJECTION-DEBAT : Ethiopie, la légende de Lalibela

CFEE JOINT SEMINAR: Reconstructing Past African Landscapes

SÉMINAIRE / SEMINAR

Evolution: an international research seminar in Eastern Africa.
Paleobiodiversity, paleobiology, prehistory, paleoenvironments

(2015-2017)

13ème séance / 13th session: Vertebrate paleontology and reconstructing past African landscapes: contributions from fish and squamates
par/by Olga Otero, Johannes Müller & Jason Head.

 

Jeudi 13 juillet (15h30-17h)/ Thursday 13 July (3:30-5:00)

Lieu / Venue: Auditorium of the Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage, Addis Ababa

Continuer la lecture de CFEE JOINT SEMINAR: Reconstructing Past African Landscapes

CFEE JOINT SEMINAR: Anthropology of Corporations, Institutions, and Organizations

CFEE Joint Seminar on Contemporary Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa (2016-2017)

With the Department of Social Anthropology, Addis Ababa University

 

7th Session: On the Uses of ‘Studying-Up’: The Anthropology of Corporations, Institutions, and Organizations

by CHRISTINA TEKIE (PhD Candidate, Duke University)

 

Friday, May 26, 2016, 2.30 – 4.30 pm

Venue: Room NCR 119, Addis Ababa University, Sidist Kilo Campus

 

Continuer la lecture de CFEE JOINT SEMINAR: Anthropology of Corporations, Institutions, and Organizations

Publication : Pentecostalism and Economic Transformation in Ethiopia

PUBLICATION

Archives de sciences sociales des religions n°175

oct.-déc. 2016

Dossier thématique sur « L’entrepreneur religieux »

avec notamment un article d’Emanuele Fantini, « Crafting Ethiopia’s Glorious Destiny. Pentecostalism and Economic Transformation under a Developmental State », p. 67-86.

Suivi d’un Dossier thématique sur « Vatican II : un concile pour le monde ? »

 

Pour en savoir plus, voir la page de la revue sur le site de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences sociales.

Journal of Eastern African Studies – Celebrating Ten Years (free access)

The Editors of Journal of Eastern African Studies present a selection of articles commemorating the 10th anniversary of the journal.

The articles chosen for this anniversary collection represent  the breadth of research published in the journal’s first decade, from political economy and conflict to trade networks and urban studies. They are on free access during  the time of this anniversary.

Among these papers, four concern Ethiopia (by Sabine Planel, Alemseged Abbay, Dereje Feyissa, David Turton).

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Publication : DOSSIERS D’ARCHEOLOGIE « Ethiopie, un patrimoine exceptionnel »

PUBLICATION

Dossiers d’archéologie, n° 379, janvier-février 2017,

« Ethiopie, un patrimoine exceptionnel »

sous la direction de Jean-François Breton

Continuer la lecture de Publication : DOSSIERS D’ARCHEOLOGIE « Ethiopie, un patrimoine exceptionnel »

AAC/CFP: Urban citizenships in the Horn of Africa

APPEL À CONTRIBUTIONS / CALL FOR PAPERS

Annales d’Éthiopie, vol. 32 (2017)

Dossier thématique : Citadinités dans les villes de la Corne de l’Afrique / Special issue: Urban citizenships in cities of the Horn of Africa

Date limite de soumission des propositions d’article (résumés de 1000 caractères) : 15 mars 2017 / Deadline for abstract (1000 signs) submission: March 15th, 2017.

Coordinatrices du dossier / Guest editors for the special issue: Amina Said Chiré & Bezunesh Tamru

Voir les détails ci-dessous / See the details below.

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CFEE Joint Seminar: Visual Media on Gender Issues in North-Western Tegray

CFEE Joint Seminar on Contemporary Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa (2016-2017)

5th Session

With the Department of Social Anthropology of Addis Ababa University

 

Use of Visual Media in Research and Dissemination of Research on Gender Issues in North-Western Tigray, Ethiopia

By Thera Mjaaland (PhD), UiB Global, University of Bergen, and Center for Gender Studies, AAU.

 

Friday, December 30, 2016, 3:00–5:00 pm

Venue: Room NCR 119, College of Social Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Sidist Kilo Campus

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